Petefészekrák hasi tömege. A petefészekrák kezelése

Petefészek rák

Early symptoms[ edit ] Site of ovarian cancer Early signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may be absent or subtle.

A petefészekrák tünetei

In most cases, symptoms exist for several months before being recognized and diagnosed. Symptoms can vary based on the subtype.

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The typical symptoms of an LMP tumor can include abdominal distension or pelvic pain. Particularly large masses tend to be benign or borderline.

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Symptoms can be caused by a mass pressing on the other abdominopelvic organs or from metastases. Other common symptoms include hirsutismabdominal pain, virilizationand an adnexal mass.


Sex cord-stromal tumors in prepubertal children may be manifested by early puberty ; abdominal pain and distension are also common. Adolescents with sex cord-stromal tumors may experience amenorrhea.

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As the cancer becomes more advanced, it can cause an accumulation of fluid in the abdomen. If the malignancy has not been diagnosed by the time it causes ascites, it is typically diagnosed shortly thereafter.

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Thus not having children is a risk factor for ovarian cancer, likely because ovulation is suppressed via pregnancy. During ovulation, cells are constantly stimulated to divide while ovulatory cycles continue.

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Therefore, people who have not borne children are at twice the risk of ovarian cancer than those who have. A longer period of ovulation caused by early first menstruation and late menopause is also a risk factor. The risk of developing ovarian cancer is reduced in women who have had tubal ligation colloquially known as having one's férgek és féregtermékek tied"both ovaries removed, or hysterectomy an operation in which the uterus, and sometimes the cervix, is removed.

Ildikó és a petefészekrák

This may be due to shedding of precancerous cells during pregnancy but the cause remains unclear. The association has not been confirmed in a large-scale study, [20] [27] but notable studies including the Million Women Study have supported this link.

Postmenopausal HRT with combined estrogen and progesterone may increase contemporaneous risk if used for over 5 years, but this risk returns to normal after cessation of therapy.

Petefészek daganatok Hungarian Oncology Network - notafa.

Higher doses of estrogen increase this risk. Endometriosis is associated with clear-cell and endometrioid subtypes, low-grade serous tumors, stage I and II tumors, grade 1 tumors, and lower mortality. This risk petefészekrák hasi tömege also relevant in those who are both obese and have never used HRT. A similar association with ovarian cancer appears in taller people.

Only one allele need be mutated to place a person at high risk. The gene can be inherited through either the maternal or paternal line, but has variable penetrance.

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Seven of women with two giardia medicijnen mens more relatives with ovarian cancer will eventually get ovarian cancer. There is mixed evidence regarding the effect of red meat and processed meat in ovarian cancer.

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The risk is not negated by regular exercise, though it is lowered. Those over 80 are at slightly lower risk.

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A diet high in animal petefészekrák hasi tömege may be associated with ovarian cancer, but the connection is unclear. Diet seems to play a very small role, if any, in ovarian cancer risk. This effect can be achieved by having childrentaking combined oral contraceptivesand breast feedingall of which are protective factors. The reasons that hysterectomy may be protective have not been elucidated as of

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